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In that report, the Group concluded that the two most pressing issues relating to integration were the need for an appropriate organisational structure for developing integration policy and the development of a comprehensive strategy for implementing integration policy in Ireland. In fact, new organisational structures, in the form of the Reception and Integration Agency within the Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform, were introduced quite rapidly. However, the development of a comprehensive strategy for implementing integration policy has effectively been on hold, awaiting the articulation of an integration policy beyond the initial recommendations made in Integration: A Two Way Process.
Nevertheless, in practical terms, a degree of progress has been made, including making some services more accessible to refugees through the provision of information in several languages and a limited telephone interpretation service for medical practitioners. The overall aim of the National Action Plan is to provide strategic direction to combat racism and to foster the development of a more inclusive, intercultural society in Ireland. The Plan is underpinned by five objectives: effective protection and redress against racism; economic inclusion and equality of opportunity; accommodating diversity in service provision; recognition and awareness of diversity; and full participation in Irish society.
While some political priority has been given to tackling racism and discrimination, a significant barrier to migrant integration, the political momentum to develop a broader strategy for the integration of migrants has been lacking.
Ireland has no system of support for new arrivals to assist in labour market and social integration nor a coherent strategy to dismantle the barriers migrants face, beyond discrimination. In order to serve the broader immigrant and minority population, the NESC report recommends that programmes and services should be expanded in three ways so that they will:. NESC makes five critical recommendations to assist policymakers to navigate the complex issues that arise in seeking to foster the integration of migrants in Irish society.
These recommendations are summarised in Table 1. The adoption and implementation of the recommendations would have significant practical implications in terms of resources and the development of the capacities of a wide range of stakeholders — public, private and voluntary. The need to establish a clear strategic vision for immigration and integration derives from the complexity of the issues involved and the fact that the Irish Government is not the only stakeholder. Business, unions, non-governmental organisations, migrants and the public at large need to be mobilised for integration to succeed.
The NPAR needs to be integrated with the Immigration, Residency and Protection Bill, with envisioned secondary legislation, with citizenship legislation and a host of integration-related measures in the fields of health, education, housing and justice. Consideration should be given to a single migration agency that could exercise leadership. Integration takes place at the level of neighbourhoods, workplaces and schools.
It results from day-to-day contact between newcomers and residents and it depends on the willingness and capacity of public and private institutions to respond to migrant needs. Integration projects need to be planned, coordinated and delivered locally through broad horizontal partnerships between local service providers and community agencies. Integration is a process and the manner in which the process is conducted is as important as its results. Implicit in this is the idea that values are by-products and not ends: the result, not the precursor, of living, working and socialising together, particularly on projects in the public domain.
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The long-term horizon requires the development of many capacities within public and private spheres to respond to the needs of both migrants and hosts — including a capacity to mobilise public support; a capacity for political action; a capacity to coordinate policies and programmes at both national and local levels; a capacity to leverage non-governmental support; and a capacity to evaluate policies and to transfer the lessons to other locales.
An indication that there is beginning to be official recognition that immigration may be less transient than assumed heretofore is provided in the Scheme of the Immigration, Residence and Protection Bill, published in September This proposes to include in legislation a provision for a long-term resident status for certain limited categories of immigrants to accord them status and rights similar to those enjoyed by Irish citizens. Integration: A Challenge in Practice In view of the fact that it is only ten years since Ireland became a country of significant immigration, and of the reality that the development of specific policies on integration has been extremely slow, it is hardly surprising that integration in practice is in its infancy in Ireland.
Despite the growing demand that integration projects and services should be expanded in scope to include all migrants, many continue to be targeted primarily at refugees. For example, English language proficiency is a prerequisite to full participation in Irish life and society. The problem of inadequate provision of publicly supplied services is exacerbated by the fact that courses in private language schools are not affordable for many migrants.
Through its work, Community Links has become acutely aware that not only the capacity of refugees but the capacity of refugee-led organisations needs to be strengthened. The issue of a migrant voice in research and policy analysis as well as in the formulation of policies and services affecting migrants is critical.
A report, Research, Development and Critical Interculturalism: A Study of the Participation of Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Research and Development-Based Initiatives, highlighted concerns raised by those involved in research, community development and development education projects, that:. In order to be able to fully participate in and contribute to Irish society, it is essential that migrants are able to have ready access to information regarding their rights and entitlements. The NESC report noted that accessing information on their rights in Ireland has been a major issue for migrants.
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It notes also that government departments not directly involved in immigration policy have not taken the needs of migrants sufficiently into account in the development of their policies. The community and voluntary sector, through local migrant groups and non governmental organisations NGOs , often takes a primary role in welcoming migrants and helping them to integrate.
Despite the extent to which voluntary sector organisations have direct contact with migrants — as well as their strong motivation to affect positive social change — these groups operate under significant resource, and in particular financial, constraints. State funding available to NGOs tends to be tied to specific outcomes with only minimal flexibility to enable the adaptation of programmes to meet the demands of a very dynamic environment. Administrative requirements can place a huge burden on organisations, especially those that are small scale, and can tie up significant amounts of their limited resources.
This is not to deny the need to be transparent and accountable for the use of state funds: however, the administrative burden needs to be proportionate. An uncomfortable one, if you share the conventional Euro-wisdom. The Irish miracle owes nothing to tax cuts, deregulation or privatisation.get link
Roma Immigrants in Ireland Are Under Attack
Cost inflation has been controlled not by competition or tight money, but by a successful incomes policy. The Irish model was similar to the Scandinavian one. It included social partnership deals and saw a government in the diplomatic but threatening role of a powerful moderator, who would exclude any uncooperative member from the deal at any time, this model being opposed the union-crushing image of the Iron Lady. The second model was the one used in Ireland.
Black people in Ireland - Wikipedia
US-companies made major investments in the s. The IT-sector and the pharmaceutical branch grew especially quickly. Sweeney, The Celtic Tiger. Coulter, S. Coleman eds : The End of History. Critical Reflections on the Celtic Tiger, Manchester , p. N W Nicholas Williams Author.
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